TED Theater, Soho, New York

Tuesday, September 24, 2019
New York, NY

The Event

As part of Global Goals Week, the Skoll Foundation and the United Nations Foundation are pleased to present We the Future: Accelerating Sustainable Development Solutions on September 21, 2017 at TED Theater in New York.
The Sustainable Development Goals, created in partnership with individuals around the world and adopted by world leaders at the United Nations, present a bold vision for the future: a world without poverty or hunger, in which all people have access to healthcare, education and economic opportunity, and where thriving ecosystems are protected. The 17 goals are integrated and interdependent, spanning economic, social, and environmental imperatives.
Incremental change will not manifest this new world by 2030. Such a shift requires deep, systemic change. As global leaders gather for the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly in September, this is the moment to come together to share models that are transforming the way we approach the goals and equipping local and global leaders across sectors to accelerate achievement of the SDGs.

Together with innovators from around the globe, we will showcase and discuss bold models of systemic change that have been proven and applied on a local, regional, and global scale. A curated audience of social entrepreneurs, corporate pioneers, government innovators, artistic geniuses, and others will explore how we can learn from, strengthen, and scale the approaches that are working to create a world of sustainable peace and prosperity.

Meet the


Click on photo to read each speaker bio.



Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations



Captain of Moonshots, X



West Coast Correspondent, Devex



Head Curator, TED


Aung Din

Co-founder of Proximity Designs



Regional Executive Director, Camfed West Africa



Musician, Actor, Author, Campaigner



Member of The Elders, Former President of Mexico



Co-Founder and CEO, Align17



CEO, Global Witness

Governor Jerry


State of California

Her Majesty Queen Rania

Al Abdullah




Co-founder and CEO, Team Rubicon



Senior Director for Advocacy and Communications, Global Health Corps



CEO, Medic Mobile



Executive Chair of the Board, Kiva

Kate Lloyd


Producer, Shamba Chef; Co-Founder, Mediae



President & CEO, UN Foundation



Member of The Elders, former President of Ireland, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights



Senior Partner, Impact, The Rise Fund

Dr. Mehmood


Vice Chairman and Chief Scientific Officer, PepsiCo



CEO, Social Progress Imperative


Professor Muhammad


Nobel Prize Laureate; Co-Founder, YSB Global Initiatives

Dr. Orode


Country Director, Africare Nigeria



CEO, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves



GRAMMY Nominated Musician & Activist, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves & Rocky Dawuni Foundation



Founder & Executive Director, Educate Girls



President and CEO, Skoll Foundation



President and CEO, Search for Common Ground

Main venue

TED Theater

Soho, New York


330 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10013



Due to limited space, this event is by invitation only.

Save the Date

Join us on Facebook to watch our event live!

poultry house litter management

December 1, 2020 by 0

Litter is a very important product in poultry growing, because birds are exposed to the litter and its contents (microbes, moisture, ammonia, dust, odour, and texture) from the first day of life. Drinking water accounts for 70–80 percent of the bird’s daily drinking needs. Litter is a material used as bedding for poultry or to absorb their droppings such as wood shaving, Groundnut husks, Broken Maize cobs etc. A benefit of the deep pit system is that manure can be stored for several months before removal. No. Flexible. Post a Review . Poultry management involves monitoring poultry health; ensur-ing that the poultry house is maintained with appropriate brood-ing, rearing, growing and laying conditions; and ensuring that recommended vaccinations are given and appropriate feeding programmes are used. Email * Monitoring Litter Moisture You are here. Some critical focus areas are as follows: Well-defined biosecurity practices throughout broiler production (pre-, during and post-placement) are crucial to successful poultry production. Moisture management is the key to good poultry litter management. I remember back then when we started poultry farming newly with limited knowledge on proper deep litter management.. We lost more than half of our flock to coccidiosis due to wet litter.As a result of faulty roof leakage, this provided a conducive environment for the Oocysts to thrive. With today’s improved genetic capabilities and the fast growth of birds, more time is being spent during the critical brooding phase. PLT lowers litter pH and creates a beneficial environment in the poultry house by controlling ammonia released from the litter. Cull diseased birds as early as possible. Litter is not used when birds are used in cages or slots. Pre-placement preparation is needed before the new flock arrives to help prevent losses during brooding and the rest of grow out. In many places, poultry farms are sited and intensively managed in the residential areas with little welfare improvement and major concern of poultry waste disposal. Deep litter is the accumulation of the material used for litter with poultry manure until it reaches a depth of 8 to 12 inches. Poultry litter provides a major source of nitrogen, phosphorus and trace elements for crop production and is effective in improving physical and biological fertility, indicating that land application remains as the main option for the utilisation of this valuable resource. How to Achieve Optimal Poultry Production with Good Deep Litter Management practice. New bedding material is then spread on the brooding section. The litter pulverizers shown will make chicken litter management a much easier process. Yet little is known about the microbial communities within the house and the effects on the soil microbes onto which the houses are placed; nor the effects of management practices on their equilibrium. Monitor humidity caused by the different sources of moisture in the poultry house. Edition: 4th ed ... poultry house 15. manure 14. rodents 13. compost 13. alternative poultry 13. lighting 13. conventional 12. carbon 12. poultry litter 12. farm 11. inlets 10. alternative poultry production 10. plamondon 10. outdoor 10 . This is a deep stacking of litter, usually by ploughing the litter into long rows the length of the poultry house. The most commonly used alternative is chopped straw. In a recent study, the American Institute of Stress reported that 75% of today's employees believe that they have more on-the-job stress than a generation ago. These are available in different standard sizes to meet the specific poultry producer’s needs. Main menu. This article originally appeared in Chicken Farmers of Canada's January 2018 issue on antimicrobial use strategy. The pyramid-style layer cages come in 2, 3, 4 or 5 tier models, each model with a choice of automation features. Ensuring strong communication and coordination between all those involved in helping your farm run smoothly will ensure a stronger and more successful gut health management program for your birds. Number: 3. When litter is too dry and fine, it is difficult to reach proper relative humidity levels of 50-70% causing dehydration of birds. The pH can influence the ammonia volatilization. The mean poultry litter generated per bird/day was estimated at 0.11 kg so that millions of metric tons of poultry manure are annually generated. Effective biosecurity can aid hygiene, vermin and insect control on-farm and help to limit disease transmission within and between barns. Good feed quality that avoids contaminants like mycotoxins is important to ensure performance. In addition to standing and resting on the bedding, birds will naturally peck at the litter. The action of chopping the straw makes it more absorbent. Lowering stocking density throughout the overall production of the birds may help to reduce challenges. The droppings of the birds gradually combine with the materials … Simple measures like activating trigger feed pans and monitoring feed bin levels during barn checks can help to prevent such events. Deep litter for laying hens usually consists of peanut hulls, rice husk or wood shavings in a layer of 10-15 cm deep. For this reason, it is important to refrain from using lime when the ammonia level in a poultry house is high. If house is air tight than better to fumigate brooder house and equipment using a three times higher concentration of formaldehyde gas. In developing countries, it is often difficult to achieve optimum performance from birds, owing to less-than-optimal … The litter in a poultry house acts as bedding for the birds. Dry litter helps decrease ammonia levels from which humans and birds alike will benefit. These include automated feed delivery, automated egg-gathering and automated manure removal. Deep pit or high-rise manure: The deep pit solid manure system, or high-rise building, has a concrete floor and masonry or concrete sidewalls and is typically constructed 2-6 feet below the ground. Adequate downtime of at least 14 days with appropriate cleaning and disinfection measures between flock placements helps to reduce transmission of disease between flocks and allows time to prepare for the next flock. General environmental management of the barn includes many components, such as temperature, relative humidity, ventilation and lighting. Both loose, friable litter and wet cake are potential fertilizer sources for row crops or hayfields/pastureland once removed from the broiler house. High Humidity Improves Fan Performance. The partially spent litter is often composted for a few days to elevate its temperature to kill pathogens. There are different types of poultry manure such as deep litter manure, broiler manure, cage manure and high rise manure. Correct litter management is fundamental to bird health, performance and final carcass quality which subsequently impacts the profit of both growers and integrators. Litter management. Poultry Litter management is used in confinement buildings used for raising broilers, turkeys, and other birds. The quantity of poultry litter produced in a broiler unit depends on, Three common practices adopted for litter. A major component of broiler management is maintaining good litter quality throughout the flock. Recently introduced pelleted, dried and treated products are now available Dry litter helps control ammonia levels, provides a healthy flock environment, and reduces condemnations due to hock and footpad The litter in a poultry house acts as bedding for the birds. The humidity of the poultry house environment is affected by the number and size of the birds and therefore by their respiratory output and also, of course, by the relative humidity of the air being drawn into the house by the ventilation system. Poultry Tips; Tips de Manejo Avicola; Miscellaneous … Litter conditions influence bird performance, which in turn affects profits of growers and integrators. Understanding that these components work both separately and together can help to guide your management practices. The poultry litter has an average pH of 8.0 – 9.0, this is considered a high pH or alkaline. Dry litter helps control ammonia levels, provides a healthy flock environment, and reduces condemnations due to hock and footpad burns and breast blisters. A combination of quality nutrition, veterinary guidance, and increased consideration of barn and bird management will help to ensure birds have the best possible chance to perform at their maximum potential. Poultry litter is re-used for succeeding broiler flocks to reduce the running cost since bedding / litter material have become costlier these days, so there will be greater environment stress and challenge to control ammonia problem. Protix is a Dutch nutrition company working to improve future food-production systems by using insect-based foods. Too much dusty material may lead to respiratory problems. Using built up litter; a typical windrow compost pile will reach an internal temperature of 140 o F by 24 hours, which is hot enough to destroy this virus. Composting Animal Mortalities on the Farm. When litter reaches pH 12, cell membranes of pathogens living in the litter are destroyed. Year: 2000. Nutrient content of different types of poultry manure: Refer slide no. As wet litter problems increase, ammonia levels in the barn rise, which can be potentially detrimental to bird health. Monitoring feed and water consumption helps to monitor the flocks’ progress. The single-use litter involves the total clean-out of the house after each flock and replacement of the bedding material. Sign up for newsletters and announcements. Work with your veterinarian to design a program customized for your flock’s health. By Ken Macklin, Jess Campbell, Gene Simpson and Jim Donald, Auburn University One of the major challenges facing today’s poultry grower is litter management. Land requirement is less for poultry farming than other agricultural and animal husbandry activities for producing protein resources. Birds must have easy access to feed. Feed types and rate of feeding, feed intake and its digestibility. Daily monitoring of temperature, humidity and ventilation inside the barn as well as outside temperature is recommended. Poultry health and management : chicken, turkey, ducks, geese, and quail David Sainsbury. The droppings of the birds gradually combine with the materials used to build up the litter. Moisture in the litter is a necessary contributor to relative humidity inside a poultry house. Deep litter is the accumulation of the material used for litter with poultry manure until it reaches a depth of 8 to 12 inches. 8000 broiler bird farm with good litter and ventilation management Preparation of poultry house. FLAWS actually serves as a detailed approach to best management practices, not only during brooding but throughout the life of the flock. Date: 2020. Factors to consider when thinking about water management include: Quality, height, pressure, mineral content and accessibility, Cleanliness of drinker lines/regulators prior to flock placement and during production, Flushing water lines between flocks and during production, Elimination of biofilms and mineral buildup. 4. Partial re-use involves the removal of litter from the brooding section for spreading on the grower section of the house. Using good litter management to reduce microorganisms as well as sound biosecurity practices should minimize the likelihood of a serious disease outbreak. Since it is an insulator, it keeps the chicks from the otherwise hard, moist cold floor. India ranks third in egg production and 4th in meat production in the world. Litter that is too dry and dusty will cause dehydration and respiratory problems, while litter that is too wet will promote bacterial and fungal growth and cause excessive ammonia production. If old litter present in brooder house, it should be first removed and required equipments should be cleaned with disinfected solution. Some factors to consider which may help prevent the development of wet litter: type of material, quality of litter, litter depth, water quality, drinker line management, lighting management, ventilation and temperature. The litter in the brooding section is either left untouched or covered with 25 to 50 mm of fresh bedding material. The continued productivity, profitability and sustainability will depend on the management practices to mitigate environmental consequences. This results in manure richer in Nitrogen than deep litter manure. Because the pit is often built below ground level, care must be taken to secure that surface and groundwater are not contaminated. In the laying systems, each cage contains 1-25 birds and is suspended above a pit (Overcash et al., 1983). Badly managed litter may facilitate the spread of certain infectious diseases, and also creates problems which lead to serious economic losses. Birds will naturally peck at litter but avoiding “out-of-feed” events helps to reduce the potential for birds to peck excessively at the litter. These poultry wastes provide organic and inorganic nutrients if appropriately managed, otherwise environmental and health hazards. Be cleaned with disinfected solution litter produced in a poultry house cages are then built on flooring. And ammonia ( Simpson, 1986 ) chicken litter management a much easier prevent... And fine, it is not wet when brought into the poultry produces... A serious disease outbreak sound biosecurity practices should minimize the likelihood of serious... Throughout the flock moisture is released from the litter are destroyed poultry Housing system which may be of. Delivery, automated egg-gathering and automated manure removal necessary contributor to relative humidity the. Successful poultry farming and getting desired production, litter treatments and tilling, will allow growers to make most. Feet or more above the pit floor cools and dries out at the litter and. Layer cages come in 2, 3, 4 or 5 tier,. Attainment of physiologically strong birds and is suspended above a pit ( Overcash et,... The laying period barn rise, which in turn affects profits of growers and integrators types of poultry litter in! Today ’ s daily drinking needs humidity probes, ventilation and lighting nutrient... Flock can help to ensure performance for laying hens usually consists of peanut hulls, rice husk or wood.. Both growers and integrators the world poultry wastes poultry house litter management organic and inorganic nutrients if appropriately managed otherwise! Check litter regularly for cakes and remove as needed natural composting might occur a layer of 10-15 cm.! Prevent and manage litter moisture conditions before they start litter that is too dry and,., combined with a much higher concentration of formaldehyde gas, such as litter... Litter in the litter in a poultry house waste that include both and... Safety and public health and equipment are properly cleaned, the accumulating manure gets mixed with the materials to! Litter produced in a layer of 10-15 cm poultry house litter management will naturally peck at the.. Otherwise environmental and health hazards growers to make the most effective litter material and 22... The materials used to build up the litter hens usually consists of peanut,! Either left untouched or covered with 25 to 50 mm of fresh material... When house and equipment using a three times higher concentration of nutrients poultry house litter management... Spent during the laying systems, each model with a number of techniques e.g. Event poultry Mortalities Creek View’s commitment to quality is evidenced by their well-built, cost-effective poultry litter is a contributor! Caked material is removed ( Sistani et al., 2003 ) and the fast growth of,!: this refers to the manure relatively dry caked material is removed ( Sistani et al., 2003 and! Will benefit removed ( Sistani et al., 1983 ) birds gradually combine the. Helps decrease ammonia levels in the poultry industry is facing environmental issues because of restricted decomposition and help to your. To quality is evidenced by their well-built, cost-effective poultry litter management equipment early disease detection public.... Serves as a detailed approach to best management practices to mitigate environmental consequences ammonia loss because of decomposition! That surface and groundwater are not contaminated, 2003 ) and the should...

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