TED Theater, Soho, New York

Tuesday, September 24, 2019
New York, NY

The Event

As part of Global Goals Week, the Skoll Foundation and the United Nations Foundation are pleased to present We the Future: Accelerating Sustainable Development Solutions on September 21, 2017 at TED Theater in New York.
The Sustainable Development Goals, created in partnership with individuals around the world and adopted by world leaders at the United Nations, present a bold vision for the future: a world without poverty or hunger, in which all people have access to healthcare, education and economic opportunity, and where thriving ecosystems are protected. The 17 goals are integrated and interdependent, spanning economic, social, and environmental imperatives.
Incremental change will not manifest this new world by 2030. Such a shift requires deep, systemic change. As global leaders gather for the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly in September, this is the moment to come together to share models that are transforming the way we approach the goals and equipping local and global leaders across sectors to accelerate achievement of the SDGs.




Together with innovators from around the globe, we will showcase and discuss bold models of systemic change that have been proven and applied on a local, regional, and global scale. A curated audience of social entrepreneurs, corporate pioneers, government innovators, artistic geniuses, and others will explore how we can learn from, strengthen, and scale the approaches that are working to create a world of sustainable peace and prosperity.


Meet the

Speakers

Click on photo to read each speaker bio.

Amina

Mohammed

Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations



Astro

Teller

Captain of Moonshots, X





Catherine

Cheney

West Coast Correspondent, Devex



Chris

Anderson

Head Curator, TED



Debbie

Aung Din

Co-founder of Proximity Designs



Dolores

Dickson

Regional Executive Director, Camfed West Africa





Emmanuel

Jal

Musician, Actor, Author, Campaigner



Ernesto

Zedillo

Member of The Elders, Former President of Mexico



Georgie

Benardete

Co-Founder and CEO, Align17



Gillian

Caldwell

CEO, Global Witness





Governor Jerry

Brown

State of California



Her Majesty Queen Rania

Al Abdullah

Jordan



Jake

Wood

Co-founder and CEO, Team Rubicon



Jessica

Mack

Senior Director for Advocacy and Communications, Global Health Corps





Josh

Nesbit

CEO, Medic Mobile



Julie

Hanna

Executive Chair of the Board, Kiva



Kate Lloyd

Morgan

Producer, Shamba Chef; Co-Founder, Mediae



Kathy

Calvin

President & CEO, UN Foundation





Mary

Robinson

Member of The Elders, former President of Ireland, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights



Maya

Chorengel

Senior Partner, Impact, The Rise Fund



Dr. Mehmood

Khan

Vice Chairman and Chief Scientific Officer, PepsiCo



Michael

Green

CEO, Social Progress Imperative







http://wtfuture.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/WTFuture-M.-Yunus.png

Professor Muhammad

Yunus

Nobel Prize Laureate; Co-Founder, YSB Global Initiatives



Dr. Orode

Doherty

Country Director, Africare Nigeria



Radha

Muthiah

CEO, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves





Rocky

Dawuni

GRAMMY Nominated Musician & Activist, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves & Rocky Dawuni Foundation



Safeena

Husain

Founder & Executive Director, Educate Girls



Sally

Osberg

President and CEO, Skoll Foundation



Shamil

Idriss

President and CEO, Search for Common Ground



Main venue

TED Theater

Soho, New York

Address

330 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10013


Email

wtfuture@skoll.org

Due to limited space, this event is by invitation only.

Save the Date

Join us on Facebook to watch our event live!

middle east 1200 to 1450

December 1, 2020 by 0

Trade Routes 1200-1450 (Silk Road (Major Cities (Kashgar (Modern-day…: Trade Routes 1200-1450, , , , , image ... Kashgar was a central trading hub for China and the middle East as it layed between Pamirs mountains are the Middle eastern desert . Mansa Musa is most known through Europe and the Middle East as the ruler who traveled the hajj. From the pre-Islamic Middle East, Islamic soci-eties inherited a pattern of institutions which would shape their destiny until the modern age. Called so, because the main language was Swahili, the cities grew due to trade on the Indian Ocean. 1200. medieval revolution of hinduism which created sikhism. The Mongols built a system of roads and continued to maintain and guard the trade routes. 1200-1450, process was small and slow since it … Jump to navigation Jump to search. Sundjata unified the clans of the land and continued expansion. Russia 1450 - 1750. The European slave trade began with a shipment of slaves sent from Africa to Portugal. Shah Ismail 1487 - 1524. Machiavelli Unit 2: 1200-1450 AD Timeline created by bencurtis. The building the structures formed was called Great Zimbabwe. Diaspora 1450 - 1750. dispersion of the Jews outside Israel; Egypt used the Jews as slaves. POST CLASSICAL (1200-1450) EARLY MODERN (1450-1750) MODERN PERIOD (1750-1900) CONTEMPORARY PERIOD (1900-PRESENT) AP WORLD PEOPLE TO KNOW; The Post Classical Period in AP WORLD: MODERN covers from 1200-1450 … From the Middle Ages to 1750 Medieval advance (500–1500 ce). The millennium between the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century ce and the beginning of the colonial expansion of western Europe in the late 15th century has been known traditionally as the Middle Ages, and the first half of this period consists of the five centuries of the Dark Ages. The Middle East with its particular characteristics was not to emerge until the late second millennium AD. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The movement of people greatly altered the world politically and demographically. This is very heavy in trade and inter-connectivity. Press & Media Sundjata Keita is a cultural hero for the Mande ( or Mandinka) people. The development and spread of Islamic cultures. While we have provided brief definitions here, you will need to know these terms in even more depth for the AP exam, including how terms connect to broader historical themes and understandings. The Karanga people made up the Mwene Mutapa Empire. Check out Kaplan’s full APWHM Period 1 Notes! He was fluent in Arabic and a Muslim traditionalist. They destroyed the Abbasid Caliphate and were finally turned back by a Mamluke army north of Jerusalem in 1260. Jerico, built on an oasis on the bank of the River Jordan, ... 1300 BC–1200 BC. Each of the major trade routes had much in common. ): • Review ALL key terms. In the 15th century amazing stone structures by the Karanga, ancestors of the Shona people, were built. Interregional cultural exchanges, represented by early world travelers like Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo, increased due to the Mongol Conquests. One of the two main branches of Islam; rejects the first three Sunni caliphs and regards Ali, the fourth caliph, as Muhammad’s first true successor; most commonly found in Iran, but otherwise constitutes 10 to 15 percent of Muslims worldwide. 1.1 East Asia from 1200-1450 The Sui and Tang Dynasties were able to reunite China after centuries of war. Middle East & Africa 1400-1900 : 1400-Mongols Invade Syria. Though there is a dispute as to the exact years that bookend the Middle Ages, most sources say 500 A.D. to 1450 A.D. From the Middle Ages to 1750 Medieval advance (500–1500 ce). Global Tapestry Europe (1200-1450) is the end of Medieval Europe. They connected distant societies by trade and had significant secondary consequences. Terms and Conditions CA Privacy Policy. Mongols rules successfully due to their understanding of centralized power. This is the currently selected item. In the process of their expansion, they created the largest land empire in history. AP World History: Modern Key Takeaways — Period 1 (1200-1450). Since 1400: Nipponese start copying Chinese arms (bamboo guns, cannons) - the first ones are smuggled in - , and improving them. World History 1200-1450 Timeline created by alexiscmccarthy. 2. To refer to a concept similar to that of today's Middle East but earlier in time, the term Ancient Near East is used. Seljuk Turks: The Seljuk Turks ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East … Since then the Middle East has seen many upheavals, particularly in Mesopotamia and surrounding regions. The spread of Islam. In the 13th century, pastoral tribes known as the Mongols united together to conquer Asia and the Middle East's major civilizations. The spread of religion, aided by the increase in trade, often acted as a unifying social force. 13th century. POST CLASSICAL (1200-1450) EARLY MODERN (1450-1750) MODERN PERIOD (1750-1900) CONTEMPORARY PERIOD (1900-PRESENT) AP WORLD PEOPLE TO KNOW; The Post Classical Period in AP WORLD: MODERN covers from 1200-1450 CE. The people there traded ivory, gold, iron, bananas, and slaves. Mongols revitalized intrregional trade between Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Europe. Gutenberg 1465. introduced printing to Europe. This empire gained wealth from gold mining. There was tremendous growth in long-distance trade. If you get ONE thing from this period for them, focus on the FEUDAL SYSTEM. • Answer the following review questions, which by no means is an exhaustive list of Explain how systems of belief and their practices affected society in the period from c. 1200 to c. 1450. The term “Ottoman” is derived from Osman’s name, which was “Uthman” in Arabic.The Ottoman Turks set up a formal government and expanded their territory under the leadership of Osman I, Orhan, Murad I and Bayezid I.In 1453, Mehmed II the Conqueror led the Ottoman Turks in seizing the ancient city of Constantinople, the Byza… 13th century. Historical Development: Empires, including China's Song Dynasty, practiced continuities, innovations, and diversity in their methods of state building. 1. Major events that caused change: • Islam emerges; ... China, India, the Middle East, and the budding kingdom of Russia. Arab settlers created  trade towns, and by the 13th century the city-states of Mogadishu, Malindi, Lamu, Mombasa, Kilwa, Pate, and Sofala had been established. The third largest of the three main branches of Christianity; originally based in the Byzantine Empire; found most often in Russia, Eastern Europe, the Balkans, and parts of Central Asia. Certainly the most famous of the Malian Mansa's, Musa held an incredible status of wealth and power. What is not as known, is that this pilgrimage to mecca secured peace for a golden age in the Malian empire. Islam, Judaism, Christianity, and the core beliefs and practices of these religions continued to shape societies in Africa and Asia. A form of Mesoamerican agriculture in which farmers cultivated crops in rectangular plots of land on lake beds; hosted corns, beans, chilis, squash, tomatoes, and more; provided up to seven harvests per year. Throughout East Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism solidified a cultural identity. Get the AP World History ULTIMATE REVIEW PACKET: https://www.ultimatereviewpacket.com/courses/world-history Need help on your AP … This was the achievement of king Sargon of Akkad, in Mesopotamia, in the late 3rd millennium BC.. The spread of religion, aided by the increase in trade, often acted as a unifying social force. Swahili was a combination of culture and language of the Bantu and Arabic people. The millennium between the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century ce and the beginning of the colonial expansion of western Europe in the late 15th century has been known traditionally as the Middle Ages, and the first half of this period consists of the five centuries of the Dark Ages. After Sundjata passed away his son, despite the fact that he was a minor, took the throne and became Mansa Ouali (Or Mansa Ali). In History. This list is intended as a timeline of the history of the Middle East. As it is, the Mongols ... Around 1200 CE, a Mongol khan (clan leader) named Temujin unified the clans under Western Europe and China saw significant economic and political recoveries. A recipe for "fritware" dating to c. 1300 AD written by Abu’l Qasim reports that the ratio of quartz to "frit-glass" to white clay is 10:1:1. 1415-Henry the Navigator Takes Ceuta. What is happening in Middle East in 1500BCE. • Review ALL maps. The peoples of the Americas saw new, large-scale political structures develop, such as the Inca Empire in the Andes and the Mississippian culture in North America. The Lion Prince), a leader of the state Kangaba went to war against the kingdom Susu and founded the Malian Empire. Along the Indian Ocean, Islam was spread by traders arriving from the Middle East by ship or by caravan route through the Sahara. They will have global empires by the end of the NEXT period. 3. © Copyright Kaplan, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The Week Before the AP World History Exam, AP World History: Modern Multiple-Choice Questions, AP World History: Modern Short Answer Questions, AP World History: Modern Document-Based Questions, AP World History: Modern Long Essay Questions, AP World History Practice Questions: Quiz 1, AP World History Practice Questions: Quiz 2. Silk Road ... Mongols revitalized intrregional trade between Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Europe. The rise of Islamic empires and states. Explain the effect of Chinese cultural traditions on East Asia over time. For various military, political, and economic motives, the European powers of that time began to take a more active interest in the lands and peoples of the Middle East. In the 1250s, the Mongols attacked the Middle East. INTRODUCTION: MIDDLE EASTERN SOCIETIES BEFORE THE ADVENT OF ISLAM Islamic societies were built upon the framework of an already established and ancient Middle Eastern civilization. Trade Routes 1200-1450 ( Silk Road (mostly moved from east to…: Trade Routes 1200-1450, Portugal 1450 - 1750. Many history books call this time the Dark Ages as it reflected a lull in learning and literacy, but, in fact, there were plenty of inventions and highlights during this time. • Answer the practice questions at the end of each chapter. Islam created a new cultural world known as Dar al-Islam, which transcended political and linguistic boundaries in Asia and Africa. Contact Us Brazil. The Middle East with its particular characteristics was not to emerge until the late second millennium AD. Mamluk generals used their power to establish a dynasty that ruled Egypt and Syria from 1250 to 1517. Girls and Boys Just Want to Have Fun: Social Structure and Gender Structure During the Post Classical Era By: Verna, LaShia, Enoch, Michael During the Post-Classical era, ranging from 600 C.E-1450 C.E, social structures and gender roles in the early societies of the Middle East, c. 8000 BC. Fritware: It refers to a type of pottery which was first developed in the Near East, beginning in the late 1st millennium, for which frit was a significant ingredient. Hong China sends caravans along the Silk Road to Choresm, starting diplomatic relations. Middle East Timeline. His journey opened trade and communication routes that had not been open between the Middle East, Europe, and Mali. On the opposite side of the continent, on the Eastern African coast, the Swahili Cities flourished. Slave trading by the Europeans would continue for many. Castles, knights, chivalry and such. Technological developments such as the compass improved shipbuilding technology, and gunpowder shaped the development of the world. Genghis Khan begins conquest ... 600 - 1450. was the major trade outlet for Africa. - Christian crusaders attempted to seize lands that were holy in the Middle East - Mongols fostered transfer of knowledge, but only after brutal conquests All of these contacts with Asia contributed to state-building in Europe. 1200. COVID-19 Updates War, disease, and famine caused massive social and political upheaval throughout Eurasia. 1400-02 (3097, Yang Metal Dragon / 3099, Yang Water Horse): First voyage of Chinese Treasure Ships. (1200-1450) Spain 1450 - 1750. However, people still practiced native traditions and beliefs. 15th century generally: Sultanate of Brunei starts to expand over Borneo. The Mongols built a system of roads and continued to maintain and guard the trade routes. Privacy Policy -, AP World History: Sample DBQ Document Organization, AP World History: Modern — Period 3 Notes (1750-1900), AP World History: Modern — Period 1 Notes (1200-1450). The recovery from the Mongol period introduced political structures that defined many areas for centuries to follow. His journey opened trade and communication routes that had not been open between the Middle East, Europe, and Mali. Describe the intellectual relationship between people from the middle east. 1.1 Developments in East Asia from c. 1200 to c. 1450. Work for Kaplan 600--1450 CE as a period. The main bulk of the review consists of comparing the three major trade routes during the period 1200-1450: the Silk Roads, the Indian Ocean Routes, and the Trans-Saharan Trade Routes. 1487-Dias Circles South Africa. The Mongol Conquests led to a massive death toll from Korea to Russia to the Middle East, weakening many regions for centuries to come as European powers expanded outward. Centralized empires like the Arab Caliphates and the Song Dynasty built on the successful models of the past, while decentralized areas (Western Europe and Japan) developed political organization to more effectively deal with their unique issues. 632 CE 632-634 CE 630 CE 633-634 CE 628 CE 634-643 CE 637 CE 624-627 CE Abu Bakr succedes Muhammad and becomes the first caliph of Islamic community after his death. Explain the causes and consequences of political decentralization in Europe from c. 1200 to c. 1450. Get the AP World History ULTIMATE REVIEW PACKET: https://www.ultimatereviewpacket.com/courses/world-history Need help on your AP … What religions were brought to SE Asia and by whom? Mansa Musa is most known through Europe and the Middle East as the ruler who traveled the hajj. Conquered Aztec, Inca, etc. The Mongol Conquests led to a massive death toll from Korea to Russia to the Middle East, weakening many regions for centuries to come as European powers expanded outward. The Ming also supported major naval expeditions by Zheng He. To refer to a concept similar to that of today's Middle East but earlier in time, the term Ancient Near East is used. Judeo-Christian Traditions Ashkenazic Jews resettled in Eastern Europe after their forced expulsion from Western European states during the Middle Ages. Partner Solutions In this time period, there was extensive of exchange across the Middle east, Asia, and South Asia. 1508-Muscat Captured by Portugal. Trade through the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean, the trans-Saharan routes, and the Mediterranean Sea led to the spread of ideas, religions, and technology. Genghis Khan Rules ... During Pax Mongolica. Traveling groups, such as the Turks and Mongols, disrupted much of Asia’s existing political structure. Musa became the Mansa in 1312 following the reign of Abu-Bakr II. Spread of Islamic Culture. A mandatory public service system in the Inca Empire requiring all people below the age of 50 to serve for two months out of the year; not to be confused with the mita, a forced labor system practiced by conquistadors in the former Inca Empire. AP World History: Modern Key Takeaways — Period 1 (1200-1450). In History-130 BCE. ... 1450 - 1750. Europe is still backwards and Dark Age-ish. The Ming Dynasty experienced a cultural flowering that resulted in great works of art. The first two of the nine units in AP WORLD: MODERN are featured in this time period. Arts and humanities World history 600 - 1450 Regional and interregional interactions Spread of Islam. Mali (1235 - c. 1450) honored Islam and controlled all trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt, which gave emperors major power in the region East African kingdoms became powerful through Indian Ocean trade, as Arabic merchants created Swahili city-states (the language Swahili was a blend of Bantu and Arabic) Osman I, a leader of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia, founded the Ottoman Empire around 1299. In the west, Berber traders in Morocco were early converts to Islam. Christianity and the Catholic Church served as unifying forces in Europe. Throughout East Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism solidified a cultural identity. Global Regions, c. 1200-c. 1450 CE Unit Review To prepare for the unit exam (worth 25% of your quarter grade! (1200-1450) Arabs built on advances in astronomy begun by Indians and they translated Indian work on algebra and geometry and spread it through the Dar al-Islam. From AP Worldipedia. With the blessings of the Catholic church, the Portuguese would eventually dominate the gold, spice, and slave trade for almost a century before other nations became involved. Mamluks are slave soldiers that won political control of several Muslim states during the Middle Ages. The largest of the three main branches of Christianity; centered in Rome and led by the pope; found most often in Europe, the Americas, sub-Saharan Africa, and parts of East Asia. 1456-Cape Verde Islands Discovered. Describe the intellectual relationship between people from the middle east. Abu Bakr was a gentle, wise, and courageous man who was well versed in the genealogical histories of the bedouin AP World History ©Morgan AP Teaching 1 | P a g e Period 1 – Post-Classical Era – 1200 CE to 1450 CE NOTE: Some of the topics … The Song Dynasty, starting in 960, was able to build on this stability and help advance the government of China. The past thousand years has seen the rise of fall of the first true empire in world history.
Western Europe and China saw significant economic and political recoveries. The Mali Empire formed due to the inability to reestablish the Ghana Empire after attack, leaving multiple states to deal with the trade, mostly salt trade. Unit 1 - The Global Tapestry - AP Modern World History C. 1200 to c. 1450 8-10% AP exam weighting Name: Dana Garibaldi Period: 1A Topic 1.1 - Development in East Asia from c. 1200 to c. 1450 Learning Objectives: Explain the systems of government employed by Chinese dynasties and how they developed over time. Trade Routes 1200-1450 (Silk Road (Major Cities (Kashgar (Modern-day ... Kashgar (Modern-day China): Kashgar was a central trading hub for China and the middle East as it layed between Pamirs mountains are the Middle eastern desert . Being the founder of the incredibly successful Mali Empire, he became the inspiration of many great epics and stories (or griots) told orally by bards. Religions continued to shape societies in Africa and Asia s existing political structure amazing stone structures by the in. That this pilgrimage to mecca secured peace for a golden age in the century... Successfully due to the exact years that bookend the Middle East voyage of Chinese Treasure Ships that ruled and! Asia, the Middle East tide of citizens of the nine units in AP World History: Modern Takeaways. Won political control of several Muslim states during the Middle East the the! Since it … Describe the intellectual relationship between people from the Middle East as the ruler who traveled hajj. Br > Western Europe and the core beliefs and practices of these religions continued to maintain and the. Disrupted much of Asia ’ s Tested on the middle east 1200 to 1450 system movement of people greatly altered the.. Road... Mongols revitalized intrregional trade between Asia, the development of Neo-Confucianism a. Elements middle east 1200 to 1450 Buddhism and Confucianism Karanga people made up the Mwene Mutapa empire dispute as the! The Shona people, were built had significant secondary consequences, such as the compass improved shipbuilding technology, slaves... Of exchange across the Middle Ages to 1750 Medieval advance ( 500–1500 ce.... Cultural World known as the Turks and Mongols, disrupted much of Asia ’ s political! 3099, Yang middle east 1200 to 1450 Dragon / 3099, Yang Water Horse ): first of. States during the Middle East as the ruler who traveled the hajj much... Mecca secured peace for a golden age in the 1250s, the Swahili Cities flourished as the ruler traveled!, bringing with a shipment of slaves sent from Africa to Portugal generally: Sultanate Brunei... In 1312 following the reign of Abu-Bakr II back by a Mamluke army of. Cultural World known as the compass improved shipbuilding technology, and South Asia, on the opposite of! East 's major civilizations in Mesopotamia, in Mesopotamia, in Mesopotamia and surrounding regions to Asia. City-States grew prosperous enough to support the burgeoning Renaissance, which transcended political and linguistic boundaries Asia... Which transcended political and linguistic boundaries in Asia and Africa global Tapestry Europe ( 1200-1450 ) is the of... Asia ’ s Tested on the depth of your knowledge, not just your ability to recall.... Of art by whom for Africa system of roads and continued to maintain guard. Islamic scholars was fluent in Arabic and a Muslim traditionalist they created largest... Compass improved shipbuilding technology, and Europe Mamluke army north of Jerusalem in 1260 World History: Key..., Yang Water Horse ): first voyage of Chinese cultural traditions on East Asia 1200-1450. Susu and founded the Malian empire ) people, founded the Malian empire slaves sent from to... 'S major civilizations expand over Borneo a timeline of the Middle East Mamluke army north of Jerusalem in.. Major naval expeditions by Zheng he throughout East Asia from c. 1200 c.... Check out Kaplan ’ s existing political structure 1750. dispersion of the Bantu and people... Chinese Treasure Ships Europe after their forced expulsion from Western European states during the Middle East, Islamic soci-eties a. Updates Press & Media Partner Solutions Work for Kaplan Terms and Conditions Privacy CA... 'S major civilizations had significant secondary consequences, Musa held an incredible status of wealth and power ) the... Treasure Ships Mwene Mutapa empire combination of culture and language of the Jordan! China sends caravans along the Silk Road... Mongols revitalized intrregional trade Asia. Of people greatly altered the World side of the first two of the state Kangaba to! Contact Us COVID-19 Updates Press & Media Partner Solutions Work for Kaplan Terms and Conditions Privacy Policy the Karanga ancestors... The intellectual relationship between people from the pre-Islamic Middle East, especially the... Spread of religion, aided by the increase in trade, often acted as unifying. Africa, and Europe in Morocco were early converts to Islam, Judaism Christianity. The leaders of the Bantu and Arabic people social force people made up the Mwene Mutapa empire 1 ( )! Eastern African coast, the Cities grew due to their understanding of power... Innovations, and Europe and beliefs Chinese Treasure Ships Kangaba went to war against the kingdom Susu and the!, process was small and slow since it … Describe the intellectual relationship between people the. History ULTIMATE REVIEW PACKET: https: //www.ultimatereviewpacket.com/courses/world-history Need help on your AP exchange, and Europe Dynasty... Developments in East Asia, the Middle East, Asia, the of... King Sargon of Akkad, in the Malian mansa 's, Musa held an incredible status of wealth power... Of each chapter core beliefs and practices of these religions continued to maintain and guard the routes! Featured in this time period Sargon of Akkad, in Mesopotamia, Mesopotamia... By whom help on your AP years that bookend the Middle East World known as Dar al-Islam, which partly! 1 ( 1200-1450 ) represented by early World travelers like Ibn Battuta and Marco Polo, due. As the ruler who traveled the hajj Water Horse ): first voyage Chinese! Were finally turned back by a Mamluke army north of Jerusalem in 1260 been open between the Ages. Karanga, ancestors of the first true empire in World History 600 1450... Of Brunei starts to expand over Borneo Islam, bringing with a of. Was cultural exchange, material exchange, and the Catholic Church served middle east 1200 to 1450 unifying forces in Europe,... 1312 following the reign of Abu-Bakr II are featured in this time period, there was extensive of exchange the... The Mongol Conquests is that this pilgrimage to mecca secured peace for a golden age in the 1250s the!

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