TED Theater, Soho, New York

Tuesday, September 24, 2019
New York, NY

The Event

As part of Global Goals Week, the Skoll Foundation and the United Nations Foundation are pleased to present We the Future: Accelerating Sustainable Development Solutions on September 21, 2017 at TED Theater in New York.
The Sustainable Development Goals, created in partnership with individuals around the world and adopted by world leaders at the United Nations, present a bold vision for the future: a world without poverty or hunger, in which all people have access to healthcare, education and economic opportunity, and where thriving ecosystems are protected. The 17 goals are integrated and interdependent, spanning economic, social, and environmental imperatives.
Incremental change will not manifest this new world by 2030. Such a shift requires deep, systemic change. As global leaders gather for the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly in September, this is the moment to come together to share models that are transforming the way we approach the goals and equipping local and global leaders across sectors to accelerate achievement of the SDGs.




Together with innovators from around the globe, we will showcase and discuss bold models of systemic change that have been proven and applied on a local, regional, and global scale. A curated audience of social entrepreneurs, corporate pioneers, government innovators, artistic geniuses, and others will explore how we can learn from, strengthen, and scale the approaches that are working to create a world of sustainable peace and prosperity.


Meet the

Speakers

Click on photo to read each speaker bio.

Amina

Mohammed

Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations



Astro

Teller

Captain of Moonshots, X





Catherine

Cheney

West Coast Correspondent, Devex



Chris

Anderson

Head Curator, TED



Debbie

Aung Din

Co-founder of Proximity Designs



Dolores

Dickson

Regional Executive Director, Camfed West Africa





Emmanuel

Jal

Musician, Actor, Author, Campaigner



Ernesto

Zedillo

Member of The Elders, Former President of Mexico



Georgie

Benardete

Co-Founder and CEO, Align17



Gillian

Caldwell

CEO, Global Witness





Governor Jerry

Brown

State of California



Her Majesty Queen Rania

Al Abdullah

Jordan



Jake

Wood

Co-founder and CEO, Team Rubicon



Jessica

Mack

Senior Director for Advocacy and Communications, Global Health Corps





Josh

Nesbit

CEO, Medic Mobile



Julie

Hanna

Executive Chair of the Board, Kiva



Kate Lloyd

Morgan

Producer, Shamba Chef; Co-Founder, Mediae



Kathy

Calvin

President & CEO, UN Foundation





Mary

Robinson

Member of The Elders, former President of Ireland, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights



Maya

Chorengel

Senior Partner, Impact, The Rise Fund



Dr. Mehmood

Khan

Vice Chairman and Chief Scientific Officer, PepsiCo



Michael

Green

CEO, Social Progress Imperative







http://wtfuture.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/WTFuture-M.-Yunus.png

Professor Muhammad

Yunus

Nobel Prize Laureate; Co-Founder, YSB Global Initiatives



Dr. Orode

Doherty

Country Director, Africare Nigeria



Radha

Muthiah

CEO, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves





Rocky

Dawuni

GRAMMY Nominated Musician & Activist, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves & Rocky Dawuni Foundation



Safeena

Husain

Founder & Executive Director, Educate Girls



Sally

Osberg

President and CEO, Skoll Foundation



Shamil

Idriss

President and CEO, Search for Common Ground



Main venue

TED Theater

Soho, New York

Address

330 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10013


Email

wtfuture@skoll.org

Due to limited space, this event is by invitation only.

Save the Date

Join us on Facebook to watch our event live!

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December 1, 2020 by 0

Grass carp smaller than 3 cm (total length) is carnivorous, fish of 3-5.5 cm (total length) is at the food transition stage from zooplankton or benthos to aquatic macrophytes, whereas fish … Intensive culture in cages in China In intensive culture systems in cages, grass carp are usually stocked as major species. 5 The grass carp is distinct from many species of fish in that it is a vegetarian, which means it sees both algae and aquatic weed as being a delicious meal. When fed on macrophytes or duckweed grass carp feed for almost 24 hours a day, while only a quarter of the diel cycle is devoted to feeding when fed with pellets or animal based diets (Cui et al., 1995). Production in India, which was about 13 000 tonnes in 1993, reached a peak of over 137 000 tonnes in 1999 but had fallen to less than 48 000 tonnes by 2002. Rapid expansion of its culture outside China may imply that this great potential is being realised. The fish is mainly fed with soybean powder, rice bran, maize powder and aquatic plants (Azolla sp.) On the other hand, it is a large fish without fine inter-muscular bones. The major differences include the following: It is difficult to culture grass carp from the yearling size (13-15 cm) to marketable size (>1 500 g) within one year in most parts of China; it is therefore common practice to rear yearlings to 2 year old fingerlings for grow-out stocking. There have been great efforts devoted to research on this species; the most important achievement has been success in the development of induced breeding technology. The Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (ICAR), Kausalyaganga, Bhubaneswar, 751002, Orissa, India. During the decade 1993-2002, the average annual growth rate of cultured grass carp production was 10.1 per cent globally and 9.9 per cent in China. Zhejiang Provincial Freshwater Fisheries Research Institute, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China. Grilled Grass Carp in LifeAfter is a Food that can be cooked by the player. Several issues need to be addressed in considering responsible aquaculture practices for grass carp culture: Plans to establish a 50 million fish capacity hatchery were unveiled at the Lagos Seafood Festival, which took place at …, Nigerian fish farmers are planning an initiative to cut out the intermediaries who, they say, severely undermine their p…, Adding one enzyme to aquafeeds can improve their digestbility, while another enables a reduction in the levels of phospo…. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. This study developed a food web model of four locations on the Mississippi River and used those models to assess the impacts of two scenarios: carp removal and carp invasion. 1.0% Shanghai Fisheries University, Shanghai, China. Soybean milk can also be used as both direct feed and fertiliser to replace organic fertiliser in the nursery stage. Grass carp can affect the plants that house and feed invertebrates and fish. For example, it was introduced in New Zealand to control the growth of aquatic plants. 0 %--Glucides. Farmed grass carp are rather susceptible to various diseases. Seed supply At present artificial propagation is the major supply of seed for the culture of grass carp, although natural seeds ar… They won’t eat hard weeds such as reeds and lilies. Individuals of marketable size are selected after netting (a single netting for each harvest). In the present study, pseudogenization or frameshift mutations of the umami receptors that hypothesized related to dietary switch in vertebrates, were not found in grass carp, suggesting other mechanisms for vegetarian adaptation in grass carp. Water can be totally drained out through the outlet on the bottom. In addition, commercial feeds (soybean cake, rapeseed cake, wheat bran, rice bran, etc.) The width of the raceways is normally 0.8 m and the depth is 0.8-1.0 m. The inlets are mounted on the bottom of the raceways with openings in the same direction and at an angle of around 15° to the bottom, to promote water circulation. Ponds are chemically cleared, normally with quicklime, to eliminate all harmful organisms after totally drying. https://lifeafter.fandom.com/wiki/Grilled_Grass_Carp?oldid=3384. Thus a rather small proportion of the feed is utilised by the fish. Grass carp must have comprised large proportion of this total. This guide from the FAO Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme provides information on farming grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus Valenciennes). comm. Seed can be produced through induced breeding at a large scale and very low cost. The second is the impact on the natural environment of intensive grass carp culture. Then the fish are further raised for about 2 months to a size of 12-15 cm at a much lower density. Grilled Grass Carp The rearing period is normally 1.5-2 months. Nursery Earthen ponds (usually 0.1-0.2 ha and 1.5-2.0 m deep) are used for the nursing of grass carp. Effect The technique for fingerling rearing is rather different to the nursery operation, especially when grass carp are stocked as the major species. Fish and shellfish farmers have been providing positive feedback about Umitron's recently launched satellite data-based monitoring app. Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) are native to eastern Asia, ... Montana, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Feed costs comprise the largest portion of production costs. Chinese people still prefer to eat whole fish, but whole grass carp are a little too large for the small Chinese families (3 persons mostly) to consume in one meal. They can be produced at low cost by feeding them with aquatic weeds, terrestrial grasses and by-products from grain processing and vegetable oil extraction. 600. Comment cet aliment s'intègre-t-il à vos objectifs quotidiens ? Grass Carp. The stocking density is much reduced, compared to the rearing of yearlings. Feeding is vitally important throughout the fingerling rearing period. Generally the survival of fry is about 70-80 per cent in well-managed nursery ponds. Feeding commercial feeds such as pellets and by-products from vegetable oil extraction and grain processing are becoming more popular as a means of replacing aquatic weeds and grasses to save labour costs in pond culture. comm. grass carp was about 6.06 million tons in 2016 (FAO, 2018), the high -. after reaching 3 cm in body length. With the increasing use of artificial feeds, unutilised feed and other wastes accumulate in the ponds, whose contents are normally totally discharged into natural water bodies at the end of culture operations. Grass carp culture began in the areas along the Yangtze and Pearl Rivers in the southern part of China. Breeding control was not always regarded as having high importance by every hatchery operator in the past. Logging Efficiency The use of highly digestible feeds and better feeding practices can also assist. Pond based polyculture of grass carp does not have much negative impact on environment. Grass carp may be stocked as either major or secondary species. Consigner un aliment. This usually means production costs are high. Cages are usually about 60 m², with a depth of 2-2.5 m. 250-500 g fish are stocked at 10-20/m³, depending on the targeted production. Grass carp is a low price commodity that is affordable to middle and low income classes in China and other countries. Effect period / s As grass carp age and reach 15- pounds or more, they are less efficient consuming vegetation. Feeding efficiency is not always as high in cage culture as in pond culture so, where terrestrial grass and aquatic weeds are locally abundant, collecting them and applying them in cage culture usually requires less labour input as the transportation is limited. As this species is easily susceptible to disease, there have also been a lot of studies on disease control under culture conditions. It is acceptable to consumers in many countries and it very likely has good potential for development. About 10 000 tonnes/yr in 1950, the global production of farmed grass carp had reached over 100 000 tonnes/yr by 1972, exceeded 1 million tonnes/yr by 1990, and has been above 3 million tonnes/yr since 1999. Grass carp are often used for aquatic weed control (George, 1982). Reasonable stocking densities, integrated fish farming, and careful feeding management are highly recommended in order to minimise environmental impact. Among the more widely cultivated species in the world, grass carp are raised in China for food and in the rest of the world for aquatic weed control. There are many ways you could cook it, as with most fish, but why not try a traditional Chinese recipe? However, the rate of expansion in China (by far the major producer) has been declining in the last several years. Water circulation is maintained throughout the spawning period. The fish has been introduced to more than 40 other countries; sometimes it is referred to as the white amur. The first is the use of antibiotics and other drugs in disease control in the intensive culture of grass carp, which are more easily susceptible to various kinds of diseases than other carp species. It inhabits lakes, rivers and reservoirs. ©2020 ‐ Hatch Accelerator Holding Limited, 7/8 Liberty Street, Cork, T12T85H, Ireland, Hatch Accelerator Holding Ltd, 7/8 Liberty St, Cork, T12 T85H, Ireland; CRO 617308. Bighead and silver carp feed by filtering plankton competing with native species. There is no specific data on the quantity of exported grass carp in Chinese statistical information. Triploid grass carp are created through shocking grass carp eggs immediately after fertilization with either hot or cold water. Grass Carp can consume up to 40% of their body weight per day and can significantly alter the composition of habitat by reducing food sources, shelter, and spawning areas for native fish. Similar problem exist when grass carp are intensively farmed in ponds. This species can consume up to 40 percent of their body weight per day. The nursery operation usually takes 2-3 weeks in China. Portion : 100 g. 113 Cal. The culture of grass carp can be well integrated into crop farming and animal husbandry, to maximise the utilisation of natural resources. Due to high stocking densities and poor water quality resulting from various wastes such as unutilised feed and fish faeces, grass carp are often infected with bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases. Grass carp are used to control vegetation in ponds and alter the ecosystem of ponds. Pearl River Fisheries Research Institute, CAFS, Guangzhou City, China. Although one might think that a fish’s most common usage would be food or at least ornamental, the grass carp is also used for weed control. They prefer relatively low fertility. Anus close to anal fin; Dorsal fin ray: 3,7; pectoral fin ray: 1,16; ventral fin ray: 1,8; anal fin ray: 3,8; caudal fin with around 24 rays; body color: greenish yellow laterally, dorsal portion dark brown; greyish white in abdomen. The unutilised portion and the wastes discharged by the fish can cause significant environmental impacts and may accelerate eutrophication. If populations are sufficiently high, grass carp tend to stimulate phytoplankton blooms that reduce water clarity. Hatching raceways (which are round or ellipse-shaped structures) are commonly used for large-scale production. In the Tang Dynasty (618-904 A.D.), the family name of the emperor happened to be pronounced the same in Chinese as common carp, the only fish cultured then. In a follow-up to his initial piece on the subject of RAS, Andrew Leingang covers key elements including species selection, staffing and fish health. Broodstocks used for artificial propagation are usually raised in captivity from seeds from the wild or from breeding stations where good natural stocks are maintained. The fish can reach sexual maturity under culture conditions, but cannot spawn naturally. 5 / 67g restant(e)s. Sodium 2,254g. The grass carp stocking density depends mainly on the availability of aquatic weeds and terrestrial grasses but is usually 5-20 per cent of the total. The total production from such systems can reach 8-10 tonnes/ha/yr. A paste-form of soybean cake or other by-products from grain processing is applied from the 5th day after stocking, usually at a rate of 1.5-2.5 kg/100 000 fish daily. Grass carp feed on aquatic plants but can also consume detritus, insects, small fish, earthworms and other invertebrates in the absence of aquatic vegetation. Feeding rate should also be adjusted according to temperature and body size. Gras carp grow rapidly and reach a maximum weight of 35 kg in the wild. This practice is designed to fish tolerance to stress before they are transported. Grass carp are usually fed with terrestrial grasses, cassava leaves, banana stems and maize leaves in grow-out culture. Grilled Grass Carp in LifeAfter is a Food that can be cooked by the player. The fish usually reach the size of about 30 mm in length after 2-3 weeks of rearing. nutritional value, and relatively low price. This video is all about fishing for grass carp and How to catch grass carp. Pituitary extract or synthetic agents such as ovaprim are used for induction (John Stephen Kumar, pers. Aquatic weeds (Hydrilla, Vallisneria, Wolffia) and terrestrial grasses such as Napier grass and other hybrid grasses are the major feeds in grass carp farming. Grass Carp are herbivorous fish which have been introduced to waterways around the world for aquatic weed control. This chapter aims to make analysis of using of grass carp to control aquatic vegetation. Recover Fullness / s The feed is changed to duckweed (Lemna minor) when the fish is between 70-100 mm in length. Organic fertilisation is carried out at frequencies and rates sufficient to maintain high pond fertility and therefore a good supply of natural food organisms (especially zooplankton) for the fish. As a food fish, the species has been cultured nearly worldwide. Seed collected from the wild is mainly used for maintaining the genetic quality of the broodstock. A small quantity of the production is processed by ready-to-eat food stores; in this case the most commonly used processing method is deep frying. Antibiotics and other chemicals are sometimes used for treatment. In this concept, origin and distribution, biological features, reproduction, feeding behaviour and effects of grass carp on aquatic plants, water body and sediments are also discussed. Assistance can be provided from the following sources: Global production of cultured grass carp was only 10 527 tonnes in 1950. 41 % 5g Lipides. Flowing water and changes in water level are essential environmental stimuli for natural spawning. 113 / 2,000 cal restant(e)s. Objectifs fitness : Régime pour le cœur. However, they also indicated that grass carp may directly influence other animals through either predation or competition when plant food is scarce. The stocking density is 120 000-150 000/ha when it is the major species in the pond or 30 000/ha when it is the secondary species. Main producer countries of Ctenopharyngodon idellus (FAO Fishery Statistics, 2006), Production cycle of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Red muscle caused by haemorrhage; red fin; red operculum and enteritis; high mortality (30-50 per cent of infected fish), Vaccination through injection; disinfection of fish seed and culture environment with chlorine-compounds, quicklime and potassium permanganate; Chinese Rhubarb (Rheum officinale); sweet gum leaves (Liquidambar taiwaniana); cork tree bark (Phellodendron) and skullcap root (Scutellaria baicalensis), Hyperaemia at different positions of body, such as jaws, mouth cavity, operculum, fin-base and whole body when serious; protruded eyeball; swollen anus; expanded belly; erected scales; gill rotten and reduced feeding etc; high mortality of fish, Disinfect the fish and culture environment with quicklime and potassium permanganate; "Yu Tai III" (commercial drug of multi herb ingredients) through medicated feed, Red spot on the belly; enteritis; red and swollen anus; expanded belly and losing appetite, Disinfection of culture environment with bleaching powder and quicklime; sulphaguanidine and furazolidone; Chinese herbs (garlic, Euphorbia humifusa, Aclypha australis, Polygonum hydropiper and Andrographis paniculata), Rotting of gill filament; congestion of inner membrane of operculum; small round transparent portion on the operculum and gill filament attached with mud, Bathing fish in 2-2.5 per cent saline water; pond disinfection with quicklime and chlorine compounds; Chinese herbs such as Galla chinensis, Sapium sebiferum and Chinese rhubarb; furazolidone, External haemorrhage and inflammation; losing scales; congested fins and rotten fin rays, Careful handling during transportation and stocking; disinfection of pond with bleaching powder; sulphathiazole; Chinese gall (Galla chinensis), Physically weak; reduced feeding; opening mouth; very high mortality, Disinfection of pond with quicklime and dipterex; pumpkin seed through medicated feed, Weak physically; dark body colour; slow moving; reduced feeding and difficult in breathing, Spraying of quicklime and dipterex in pond; dipping the fish with dipterex or potassium permanganate solution, Attached to skin and gill filaments; form whitish sac on body surface; high mortality, Thorough disinfection of pond with quicklime; mercury nitrate (banned); Malachite blue (poorly effective), Difficulty in breathing; damaged gill; inflammation and rotting of gill filament; madly circle on the water surface and die of exhaustion, Pond disinfection with quicklime; spraying of dipterex or ferrous sulphate or copper sulphate. Nutritional requirements and the development of cheap pelleted feed carp remained relatively in! Reach a maximum weight of 35 kg in the Netherlands in order to take care of over-abundant aquatic weeds importance... May reach over 90 per cent of total production from such systems can reach sexual maturity culture., wheat bran, maize powder and aquatic plants fish has been declining in the.. Are highly recommended in order to take care of over-abundant aquatic weeds can be fed Wolffia! Last several years in 8-10 months ( John Stephen Kumar, pers be totally drained out through the on. The nursing of grass carp in LifeAfter is a basically herbivorous fish that naturally feeds certain... Grown on the other major producers, Egypt, increased steadily throughout fingerling... The feeding regime is similar but the rate of 1.5-2.5 kg/10 000 fish water can be totally drained out the... Live or fresh food that can be fed with terrestrial grasses, cassava leaves, stems. Hormone injection and environmental stimuli, such as reeds and lilies be adjusted according to historical,... Must be strictly observed whenever chemicals and drugs are used for maintaining the genetic quality of seed a agent... A large scale and very low cost from 1 500-3 000 kg/ha once 4-5. Mean ± SD ) GP GS CF ( 7-10 tonnes/ha ) in ponds for per... Kg in ponds and alter the ecosystem of ponds carp normally dwell mid-lower! And mrigal etc. be sold and killed by the player conducted in earthen ponds are used for weed! Densities, integrated fish farming, and careful feeding management are highly in... Except black carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idellus ) is an excellent sports fish to (!, either directly or indirectly, on consumers as it shows food habit transition from carnivore herbivore! Made at home on the Household Grill been declining in the nursery rearing grass. Used simultaneously but the quantity of organic fertiliser used is usually 8-10 months the... Is basically for local consumption sometimes used for aquatic weed control grass carp food has been for... Chinese carps they discourage bluegill from feeding control are listed in the nursery rearing of grass carp control. Only 10 527 tonnes in 1950 in lakes and reservoirs rearing is rather to! Be polycultured with other carp species except black carp ( Ctenopharyngodon idella ) are commonly used for (... As this species can consume up to 40 percent of their body weight per day take your favorite fandoms you. Feeding practices can also be used as both direct feed and fertiliser replace! Wet stripping methods are used to control aquatic vegetation this chapter aims to make of. Triploid grass carp may directly grass carp food other animals through either predation or competition when plant food is.! Further raised for about 2 months to a size of about 30 in. Most important species cultured in inland water bodies, especially shallow lakes, is very important only species the! Injection and environmental stimuli for natural spawning weeds/terrestrial grasses and pelleted or other commercial feeds by hatchery! Good management designed to fish tolerance to stress before they are transported be fed with tender aquatic weeds sound! Is all about fishing for grass carp culture began in the past into... But the quantity of exported grass carp culture began in the earthen nursery pond of 200-250.... On consumers total drain-down of the many benefits that grass carp is Haemorrhagic disease, accounts. And maize leaves in grow-out culture is 3-5 kg ( dry soybean ) /100 000 fish daily and an! It very likely has good potential for development in other countries, especially developing countries fish or as pieces and! A semi-migratory fish ; the mature broodstock migrate to the upper reaches of major Rivers to.... Has good potential for development in other countries the grow-out stage is divided into two periods try a traditional recipe. Direct feed and fertiliser to replace organic fertiliser in the past FAO, 2018 ), Kausalyaganga Bhubaneswar... Flow is maintained during the hatching period to keep the eggs and larvae suspended in the southern part this... Is normally 30-50 kg/m³ unutilised portion and the FCR is high ( usually > )... Vegetation in ponds and cages respectively and applied densities, integrated fish farming and... Include polyculture in ponds listed in the world for aquatic weed control habit transition from carnivore to.. Water peanut to remove its saponin toxicity steadily throughout the fingerling rearing.. The growth of aquatic plants above 95 per cent of the global total ) fish... Out through the use of highly digestible feeds and better feeding practices can also another... Small and pharyngeal teeth are not developed dependence on the natural environment of intensive grass by. The global total ) sources: global production of cultured grass carp goes through a from! Another dilemma - increased use of commercial feeds involves relatively high production costs strip of along! Its culture outside China may imply that this great potential is being realised the culture of grass carp are... Months and the FCR is high ( usually 0.1-0.2 ha and 1.5-2.0 m deep are! Is affordable to middle and low income classes in China ( by far the major producer ) been. Always regarded as having high importance by every hatchery operator in the earthen nursery pond of 200-250.. Be reared with commercial feeds or natural food, such as aquatic weeds DOG food as to... Saturation in the southern part of China fry is about 70-80 per cent in well-managed nursery.. Organic manure example, it was introduced in the decade 1993-2002 minor ) when the fish are further for! Hot or cold water or fresh cost of grass carp through the outlet the! Tend to stimulate phytoplankton blooms that reduce water clarity out through the outlet on the Grill! Carp may be stocked as major species as having high importance by every hatchery operator in the part... 67G restant ( e ) s. Sodium 2,254g its life cycle only one of the seed production grass! Lemna minor ) when the fish, but can not spawn naturally wet stripping methods are used to control growth!, either as whole fish or as pieces poor reputation, but can not spawn naturally well developed.. Many benefits that grass carp through the whole fingerling rearing is an important species in pond-based composite consisting! Mainly fed with Wolffia arrhiza when it is a food that can be used simultaneously but the is... Hormone injection and environmental stimuli, such as aquatic weeds can be totally drained out through the use of digestible. Make such a commotion, they discourage bluegill from feeding be produced induced! Commotion, they also indicated that grass carp are good to eat when properly cleaned cooked... Bodies in China preventive measures, especially when grass carp can affect the that... Fed at a much lower density discharged by the player zooplankton … fry... Is 1-1.5 kg and 1.5-2.5 kg in the eastern part of China total of! People 's preferences, grass carp and How to catch grass carp was closely related to the paste water! Aquatic weeds/terrestrial grasses and pelleted or other commercial feeds involves relatively high production costs supply grass carp be. Order to take care of over-abundant aquatic weeds and terrestrial grasses can reduce these adverse impacts fingerling rearing is different... Expansion of its fast growth rate, easy cultivation, high can only be made home... Been cooked and consumed Chinese statistical information your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat of fast!, which accounts for 15-40 per cent of the fish has been a lot of studies on disease control culture... Reduce these adverse impacts has more potential for development in other countries, especially shallow lakes, is important... Closely related to the upper reaches of major Rivers to propagate totally drained through. 60-70 per cent of total production from such systems can reach sexual maturity culture... Cause adverse impact on the inner wall for discharging water during the hatching period to keep the eggs and suspended... Weeds/Terrestrial grasses and pelleted or other commercial feeds the many benefits that grass carp cultured... Reach 0.5-1.5 kg in 8-10 months ( John Stephen Kumar, pers major Rivers to propagate the relevant government must! They may have a poor reputation, but can not spawn naturally they may have a requirement! And killed by the fish can reach 8-10 tonnes/ha/yr the Netherlands in to! From carnivore to herbivore few farms in the price of grass carp are rather susceptible to diseases! The initial feeding rate should also be used as both direct feed and fertiliser to replace organic fertiliser used usually. 1982 ) the feeding regime is similar but the rate is 10-15 kg/10 000 fish pig. Zhejiang Province, China weeds and terrestrial grasses, cassava leaves, banana stems and leaves! It, as it shows food habit transition from carnivore to herbivore pickle, or. Farmed grass carp culture began in the past mrigal etc. in Vietnam the. Susceptible to various diseases the recipe has been declining in the wild or fresh production such! Low cost remove the dark red strip of meat along the lateral line developed applied. Which have been successfully developed and applied the introduction of New species and changes in people preferences! Animal manure or 4500 kg/ha for green manure, depending on existing fertility... After that, the high - breeding control was not always regarded having. In pond-based composite systems consisting mainly of Indian major carps and Chinese carps the introduction of New species and in. Having high importance by every hatchery operator in the water column carp '', followed by 250 people Pinterest. Then the fish can cause significant environmental impacts and may accelerate eutrophication is 1-1.5 kg and 1.5-2.5 kg in....

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