A godson is a boy whoâs the godchild of one or more godparents âpeople who have pledged to help with his upbringing, especially in a religious way. by Matt Slick. As the Son of God, Jesus exemplified a perfect relationship with the Father. Thirdly, it is applied to the Hebrew nation, as when, in Exodus 4:22, Yahweh says to Pharaoh, "Israel is my son, my first-born," the reason being that Israel was the object of Yahweh's special love and gracious choice. 5. The usual assumption is that the second question, "Art thou .... the Son of God?" But scholarship cannot take this for granted; and, indeed, it requires only a hasty glance at the facts to bring this home even to the general reader, because in Scripture the title is bestowed on a variety of persons for a variety of reasons. But this is not the nature of parallelism, which generally includes in the second of the parallel terms something in excess of what is expressed in the first; it would be quite in accordance with the nature of parallelism if the second term supplied the reason for the first. Jesus says, âFor God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting lifeâ (John 3:16 KJV). Jesus was also called the Son of Mary and Son of Joseph. Bibliography Information Fourthly, it is applied to the kings of Israel, as representatives of the chosen nation. Thus, He executes judgment (John 5:22); He has life in Himself and quickeneth whom He will (John 5:26,21); He gives eternal life (John 10:10), and it is the will of the Father that all men should honor the Son, even as they do the Father (John 5:23). The "Son" in Matthew 28:18-20 10. God the Son is the second person of the Trinity in Christian theology. The expression does not refer to the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem, because he is the Son from eternity past. As such, the title is associated more with the development of the doctrine of the Trinity. The "Son" in Matthew 11:27 8. In He the equality of the Son with the Father is theme throughout the entire book; and in Revelation 2:18, "the Son of God, who hath his eyes like a flame of fire," speaks from the right hand of power to the church. It is natural to assume that its use in application to Jesus is derived from one or other of its Old Testament uses; and the one almost universally fixed upon by modern scholarship as that from which it was derived is the fourth mentioned above--that to the Jewish kings. Jehovah's Witnesses reject the term along with the word 'Trinity' as extrabiblical terminology, along with the Deity of Christ. Go ye therefore, and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit: teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I commanded you: and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world." The Deity of JESUS Christ. Evidently the Son is above not only men but angels, and, if it is confessed that He is ignorant of anything, this is mentioned as a matter of surprise. He is the god of the pure, upper air that only the gods breathe, as opposed to the gloomy, lower "aer" breathed by mortals. When, however, it is applied to Him by others, He accepts it in such a way as to assert His claim to it. There is a saying of Jesus (Mark 13:32) about His own Sonship which may seem to refute the church doctrine on the subject, as in it He confesses ignorance of the date of His Second Coming: "Of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father." Of course, nobody (back then or today) believes that âson of Godâ means that God gave birth to a son or had a son after intercourse with a human female. There is another passage where it is frequently contended that "the Christ" and "the Son of God" must be exactly parallel, but a close examination suggests the reverse. What does âSon of Godâ mean in the first place? Updated September 10, 2020 âGodâs Planâ is a trap song performed by renowned Canadian rapper Drake. While to the common mind "the Son of man" is a title designating the human side of our Lord's person, "the Son of God" seems as obviously to indicate the divine side. Thus, in Acts 9:20, the beginning of Paul's testimony as a Christian is given in these words, "And straightway in the synagogues he proclaimed Jesus, that he is the Son of God"; and what this meant to Paul may be gathered from his own statement in the opening of Romans, "Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures, concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord" (Romans 1:1-4). In the Bible, the word âspiritâ is translated from the Hebrew word ruÊ¹ach and the Greek word pneuÊ¹ma.Most often, those words refer to Godâs active force, or holy spirit. '; but is not the scene much more intelligible if the boldness of His answer to the first question suggested that He was making a still higher claim than to be the Christ, and that their second question applied to this? implies no more than the first, `Art thou the Christ? Abraham had more than one son, but Isaac was the only son he had by Sarah and the only son of the covenant. (Mark 1:1 KJV) Similar names of Jesus that point to His relationship with the Father are Son of the Most High, Son of the Living God, and simply, Son. The conferring of an office on a mere man could not enable him to do things beyond the reach of human powers; yet it is frequently assumed that, if only Jesus was Messiah, He was able for anything, even when the thing in question is something for which a mere man is wholly incompetent. Generally, in Christianity at least, a Godparent is someone chosen by a child's parents to help raise the child in the faith. This is the key expression for the doctrine of âthe eternal generation of the Son,â meaning, he always was the only begotten Son. This is its meaning in Hebrews 11:17 when the writer refers to Isaac as Abrahamâs "only begotten son" (KJV). On this subject there was no division of opinion in the apostolic church. Another feature of Sonship in the Fourth Gospel is preexistence, though, strange to say, this is more than once connected with the title "Son of man." Theologians sometimes use that term when they want to refer to God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit as three divine Persons in one God. 1915. The name of JESUS in combat, Use of His name in Prayer: Hosted by: Lilly Of The Valley VA's JESUS Loves You! Salem Media Group. First, it is applied to angels, as when in Job 2:1 it is said that "the sons of God came to present themselves before Yahweh"; they may be so called because they are the creatures of God's hands or because, as spiritual beings, they resemble God, who is a spirit. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. SON OF GOD, THE (ho huios theou): 1. Some people accuse Christians of believing this, but I have never heard or read of any Christian who does. But for this there is no ground whatever; the passage is the climax of the Gospel in which it occurs, in the same way as the confession of Thomas is the climax of the Gospel of Jn; and to remove it would be an intolerable mutilation. God the Son. There is no real disharmony between the expression of our Lord's self-consciousness in the Synoptists and that in John; only in the latter it is far ampler and more distinct. The only exception to this flow of exultation is Luke 3:38 when it says Adam was the âSon of God,â but here the context is a genealogy, and we know that Adam was the first man created by God. General Editor. But from henceforth shall the Son of man be seated at the right hand of the power of God," they all say, "Art thou then the Son of God?" It was when Jesus affirmed this also that their angry astonishment knew no bounds, and their sentence was immediate and capital. Who GOD Is: The Names of GOD, The SON; JESUS in the Holy Bible. Apostolic Doctrine: Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Son Of God, The, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. This recalls the statement in John 5:18, "The Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only brake the sabbath, but also called God his own Father, making himself equal with God"; to which may be added (John 10:33), "The Jews answered him, For a good work we stone thee not, but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.". Finally, in the New Testament, the title is applied to all saints, as in John 1:12, "But as many as received him, to them gave he the right to become children of God, even to them that believe on his name." Trinitarians believe that a clear reference to the Trinity occurs in Matthew 28:19, "Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. When the title has such a range of application, it is obvious that the Divinity of Christ cannot be inferred from the mere fact that it is applied to Him. But the strongest and most frequent suggestions as to what is implied in Sonship are to be found in the deeds attributed to the Son; for these are far beyond the competence of any mere man. , Later theological use of this expression (compare Latin: Deus Filius) reflects what came to be the standard interpretation of New Testament references, understood to imply Jesus' divinity, but with the distinction of his person from another person of the Trinity called the Father. It has also since been confirmed that Drake's son's mother is Sophie Brusseaux, a former actress, who dated Drake back in 2017. Naturally it is with the words of Jesus Himself on this subject that we are most concerned. Between a dog and a man there may be deep sympathy, yet it is limited by the difference of their natures; whereas between a woman and a man there is perfect sympathy, because they are identical in nature. If Jesus was â¦ Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Physical Reason 5. God Has a Unique Love for Jesus The second thing it means is that God has a unique love for Jesus as his Son. The first definition is "pertaining to being the only one of its kind within a specific relationship." In Luke 1:35, the following reason for its use is given, "The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God." Lesson Three from Those Things Most Surely Believed by Us Text: John 1:1-3, 14; Hebrews 1:1-3 Introduction. Jesus can be both God and the son of God because the terms don't mean the same thing. ); and, if this was the sense in which the prince of devils made use of the phrase, we may conclude that in the mouths of the demoniacs who hailed Jesus by the same title it must have had the same meaning. God the Holy Spirit. Sense as Applied to Jesus 4. He further calls Himself the "only begotten Son of God" (3:16,18), that is to say, He is Son in a sense in which no others can claim the title. That is to say, Jesus was the Messiah because He was the Son of God. You can find speculation about fallen angels in numerous writings.God created the angels, making them, in a sense, âsons of God.â Jobâs writingâ¦ Such an idea is foreign to reason, tradition, and Scripture. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Higher Use by Jesus Himself 7. Throughout history, emperors and rulers ranging from the Western Zhou dynasty (c. 1000 BC) in China to Alexander the Great (c. 360 BC) to the Emperor of Japan (c. 600 AD) have assumed titles that reflect a filial relationship with deities. In some denominations of Christianity, when a child is baptized, they are sponsored by (usually two) adults who pledge to help in this way. 5. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". On many other questions the followers of Jesus were divided; but on this one they were unanimous. In short, God is not only His Father, but His God (John 20:17). μονογενὴς Θεὸς ὁ ὢν εἰς τὸν κόλπον τοῦ Πατρὸς, ἐκεῖνος ἐξηγήσατο) has led to translations including "God the One and Only" (NIV, 1984) referring to the Son. See the books on the Theology of the New Testament by Weiss, Beyschlag, Holtzmann, Feine, Schlatter, Weinel, Bovon, Stevens, Sheldon; and on the Teaching of Jesus by Bruce, Wendt, Dalman; Gore, The Incarnation of the Son of God, Bampton Lectures, 1891, and Dissertations on Subjects Connected with the Incarnation; Robertson, Teaching of Jesus concerning God the Father; full bibliography in Stalker, Christ's Teaching concerning Himself. The Son of God is âof God.â The claim to be of the same nature as Godâto in fact be Godâwas blasphemy to the Jewish leaders; therefore, they demanded Jesusâ death, in keeping with Leviticus 24:15. Jehovahâs Witnesses, and other cults, have taken this to mean that Jesus was literally begotten. This Word is also identified as the Son of God (v. 14), so we have in this passage Johnâs presentation of God the Son, the second person of the Trinity, taking on a human nature and walking among us. In Matthewâs Gospel (16:13-17), Peter declares Jesus as the Messiah, Simon Peter answered, âYou are the Messiah, the Son of the living God. No doubt it is ethical--that is to say, He is like the Father in feeling, mind and will--but it does not follow that it is not at the same time metaphysical. In Colossians Paul describes Jesus as the Son of God's love, implying that the love for his divine Son is utterly unique from the love God has for all his human children by adoption. Indeed, it is frequently asserted that in the Jewish literature between the Old Testament and the New Testament, it is found already coined as a title for the Messianic king; but the instances quoted by Dalman and others in proof of this are far from satisfactory. Concerning the triune nature of God, John wrote in his epistle, âFor there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are oneâ (1st John 5:7). Though this may not have been put in literary form till all the other books of the New Testament had been completed, it was active and influential in the church all the time, affecting Paul and the other New Testament writers. Thus, in 2 Samuel 7:14, Yahweh says of Solomon, "I will be his father, and he shall be my son"; and, in Psalms 2:7, the coronation of a king is announced in an oracle from heaven, which says, "Thou art my son; this day have I begotten thee." The doctrine of the Trinity identifies Jesus as the incarnation of God, united in essence (consubstantial) but distinct in person with regard to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit (the first and third persons of the Trinity). Prayer Counseling Ministry The same may be said of the voice from heaven in the scene of the Transfiguration. Furthermore, in reference to Jesus, the term âSon of Godâ does not mean that Jesus is the literal offspring of God as if God had some form of sexual relations with Mary to produce Jesus. This seems expressly to contradict the statement, so often made, that He makes others sons of God in the same sense as Himself, or that His Sonship is ethical, not metaphysical. H. J. Holtzmann and others have attempted to make light of this, and even to speak of the opening words of the Lord's Prayer, "Our Father who art in heaven," as if Jesus might have uttered them in company with the disciples; but the distinction is a vital one, and we do not agree with those who can believe that Jesus could have uttered, for Himself along with others, the whole of the Lord's Prayer, including the petition, "Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.". Could the âsons of Godâ of Genesis 6 be fallen angels or demons? âPsalm 104:30; 139:7. No legitimate Christian sect suggests that God took a wife and had a child, and most certainly none conceive that God fathered a child through a human mother outside of marriage. The Bible often uses Father and Son with God and Jesus to explain their relationship in terms we can better understand as humans, but this does not mean Jesus was created by God the Father. Indeed, it is the Son of God, as He appears in this final scene in the First Gospel, who dominates the rest of the New Testament. The conclusion would seem to be that He is a being intermediate between the angels and God; but this impression is corrected by the greatest of all the sayings in which He calls Himself the Son (Matthew 28:18-20), "All authority hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth. In the account of the ecclesiastical trial in the Gospel of Lk, He is charged, "If thou art the Christ, tell us"; and, when He replies, "If I tell you, ye will not believe: and if I ask you, ye will not answer. Usually someone has a Godson (or Goddaughter) if they have been chosen by the child's parents. When we come to examine its use in the New Testament as applied by others to Jesus, the facts are far from simple, and it is not applied in a uniform sense. The "Son" in Mark 13:32 9. The Christian doctrine of the Trinity says the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are co-equal and co-eternal, meaning the three Persons of the one God always existed together and each has the same importance. Meanings in the Old Testament 3. Almighty God says, âWhen Jesus called God in heaven by the name of Father as He prayed, this was done only from the perspective of a created man, only because the Spirit of God had clothed Himself as an ordinary and normal man and had the exterior cover of a created being. This is a physical reason, akin to that on account of which the angels or the first man received the title; but it is rather curious that this point of view does not seem to be adopted elsewhere, unless it be in the exclamation of the centurion at the foot of the cross, "Truly this was the Son of God" (Matthew 27:54). Proud member Two other messianic titles are Son of David and Son of Man. 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