TED Theater, Soho, New York

Tuesday, September 24, 2019
New York, NY

The Event

As part of Global Goals Week, the Skoll Foundation and the United Nations Foundation are pleased to present We the Future: Accelerating Sustainable Development Solutions on September 21, 2017 at TED Theater in New York.
The Sustainable Development Goals, created in partnership with individuals around the world and adopted by world leaders at the United Nations, present a bold vision for the future: a world without poverty or hunger, in which all people have access to healthcare, education and economic opportunity, and where thriving ecosystems are protected. The 17 goals are integrated and interdependent, spanning economic, social, and environmental imperatives.
Incremental change will not manifest this new world by 2030. Such a shift requires deep, systemic change. As global leaders gather for the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly in September, this is the moment to come together to share models that are transforming the way we approach the goals and equipping local and global leaders across sectors to accelerate achievement of the SDGs.




Together with innovators from around the globe, we will showcase and discuss bold models of systemic change that have been proven and applied on a local, regional, and global scale. A curated audience of social entrepreneurs, corporate pioneers, government innovators, artistic geniuses, and others will explore how we can learn from, strengthen, and scale the approaches that are working to create a world of sustainable peace and prosperity.


Meet the

Speakers

Click on photo to read each speaker bio.

Amina

Mohammed

Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations



Astro

Teller

Captain of Moonshots, X





Catherine

Cheney

West Coast Correspondent, Devex



Chris

Anderson

Head Curator, TED



Debbie

Aung Din

Co-founder of Proximity Designs



Dolores

Dickson

Regional Executive Director, Camfed West Africa





Emmanuel

Jal

Musician, Actor, Author, Campaigner



Ernesto

Zedillo

Member of The Elders, Former President of Mexico



Georgie

Benardete

Co-Founder and CEO, Align17



Gillian

Caldwell

CEO, Global Witness





Governor Jerry

Brown

State of California



Her Majesty Queen Rania

Al Abdullah

Jordan



Jake

Wood

Co-founder and CEO, Team Rubicon



Jessica

Mack

Senior Director for Advocacy and Communications, Global Health Corps





Josh

Nesbit

CEO, Medic Mobile



Julie

Hanna

Executive Chair of the Board, Kiva



Kate Lloyd

Morgan

Producer, Shamba Chef; Co-Founder, Mediae



Kathy

Calvin

President & CEO, UN Foundation





Mary

Robinson

Member of The Elders, former President of Ireland, former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights



Maya

Chorengel

Senior Partner, Impact, The Rise Fund



Dr. Mehmood

Khan

Vice Chairman and Chief Scientific Officer, PepsiCo



Michael

Green

CEO, Social Progress Imperative







http://wtfuture.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/WTFuture-M.-Yunus.png

Professor Muhammad

Yunus

Nobel Prize Laureate; Co-Founder, YSB Global Initiatives



Dr. Orode

Doherty

Country Director, Africare Nigeria



Radha

Muthiah

CEO, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves





Rocky

Dawuni

GRAMMY Nominated Musician & Activist, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves & Rocky Dawuni Foundation



Safeena

Husain

Founder & Executive Director, Educate Girls



Sally

Osberg

President and CEO, Skoll Foundation



Shamil

Idriss

President and CEO, Search for Common Ground



Main venue

TED Theater

Soho, New York

Address

330 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10013


Email

wtfuture@skoll.org

Due to limited space, this event is by invitation only.

Save the Date

Join us on Facebook to watch our event live!

byzantine art vs medieval art

December 1, 2020 by 0

And with the rise of Emperor Justinian, who ruled from 527-565 CE, Byzantine power has never been stro… Medieval and Byzantine art Renaissance art Baroque and Rococo Nineteenth-century art Introduction to Twentieth-Century Art Introduction to Contemporary Art. Video by Ydraw. There were different economies for the medieval society in Europe as well as the Byzantine Empire. They often feature flat and frontal figures floating on a golden background. They were a set of churches based on mystical beliefs and filled with spirituality. Medieval art vs. Byzantine art Discussion 7.1: Medieval art vs. Byzantine art You are an artist living in Western Europe between the 6th and 11th centuries and you are concerned that your work is not being adequately appreciated by a group of hoity-toity art critics from Constantinople. Many of these commissions were religious in nature but medieval artists also produced secular art. To medievalists, it is an outsider, a distinctly foreign looking entity lingering on the edges of a Europe to which it does not belong. Art from this period was created between the fourth century and 1050 A.D. During this time, the Catholic Church and wealthy oligarchs commissioned projects for specific social and religious rituals. Ever wondered… why people become art historians? Byzantine art is known for its ethereal mosaics, ivories, and metalwork. The Renaissance saw the teaching of realistic perspective, shading, lighting, and proportions. Manorialism was practiced by the medieval society. Consider some key Renaissance works of sculpture, painting, and architecture. Because of this, its wealth is found in monasteries ornaments, churches and worship places, being an intermediary between the human and the supernatural world, where an offering is made to Christian faith dogmas. Yeah, I couldn't believe it either. Video created by Ydraw. What is art history and where is it going? Emerging from the depths of the Roman decline, the Byzantine Empire flourished with the emperor Constantine the Great leading the way in an accomplished religious state. Beyond Penn, the region is rich in European medieval, Eastern and Islamic art collections, particularly of sculpture, manuscripts, and stained glass. An interconnected world is not as recent as we think. Broadly speaking, the Middle Ages is the period of time in Europe between the end of antiquity in the fifth century and the Renaissance, or rebirth of classical learning, in the fifteenth century and sixteenth centuries. Byzantine art, the visual arts and architecture produced during the Middle Ages in the Byzantine Empire. Among the better ones were the song “Istanbul (Not Constantinople)” sung by They Might Be Giants, crusades, things that are too complex (like the tax code or medical billing), Hagia Sophia, the poet Yeats, mosaics, monks, and icons. Painting. Created by Artist Phil Hansen. Early Byzantine or Early Christian art begins with the earliest extant Christian works of art c. 250 and ends with the end of Iconoclasm in 842. Perspective. Matthew from the Lindisfarne Gospels, made on the island of Lindisfarne off the coast of England, late seventh century or early eighth century. Middle Byzantine art picks up at the end of Iconoclasm and extends to the sack of Constantinople by Latin Crusaders in 1204. So, I assume you've heard the latest gossip? This is a review video for the TICE ART 1010 course. Byzantium is, for most, a rather dirty word, connoting something faintly alien and somehow obscene. For example, before the Byzantine period, many artists engaged in Christian iconography. Works of art were created primarily in the Christian catacombs of Rome, where early depictions of Christ portrayed him as the classical "Good She… The wealthiest and most influential members of society commissioned cathedrals, churches, sculpture, painting, textiles, manuscripts, jewelry and ritual items from artists. Video from the Utah System of Higher Education (with special thanks to Dr. Nancy Ross). Byzantine Art is broken into three periods. Almost entirely concerned with religious expression, Byzantine art is known for the mosaics covering the interior of domed churches. When I polled the same group of friends about the word “Byzantine”, many struggled to come up with answers. These date ranges vary by location: c.500–800: Early Medieval Art The style of Byzantium Art was characterised by: Byzantine Art was totally flat - one dimensional. Many of the oldest examples of Christian art survive in the Roman catacombs or burial crypts beneath the city. Christianity, and specifically Catholicism in the Latin West, brought with it new views of life and the world that rejected the traditions and learning of the ancient world. The visual arts prospered during Middles Ages, which created its own aesthetic values. Of course that happened like a century ago, but over here in Constantinople, eastern capital of the former Roman Empire, we've been pretty detached from Rome for quite a while. Catholic Church was retained by the medieval society in Europe and the Byzantine Empire formed the Orthodox Church (Spielvogel, 2009). Artists were commissioned for works featuring Biblical tales and classical themes for churches, while interiors were elaboratel… Creating frescoes, mosaics, and panel paintings, Early Christian art drew upon the styles and motifs of Roman art while repurposing them to Christian subjects. In the European West, medieval art is often broken into smaller periods. Byzantine Panel with Archangel, c. 525-50. The history of medieval art can be seen as an ongoing interplay between the elements of classical, early Christian, and “barbarian” art. c.1200–1400:  Gothic Art, The British Museum translates the text at the top of the panel as: “Receive the suppliant before you, despite his sinfulness.”, https://web.archive.org/web/20140215031844/http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/medieval.html, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. CLASSICAL ART Forms of Art Sculpture painted pottery murals mosaics Purposes show the importance of people and leaders show importance of gods and goddesses CHARACTERISTICS Figures look idealized, perfect bodies look active and move convincingly bodies are often nude, or draped Late Byzantine art was made between the sack of Constantinople and the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Byzantine art was highly prestigious and sought – after in Western Europe, where it maintained a continuous influence on medieval art until near the end of the period. c.1000–1200:  Romanesque Art Aug 12, 2020 - commenced with the adoption of Christianity by Constantine with the Edict of Milan in 313AD effecting a turning point in ecclesiastical history but not so much art. Byzantine emperors ruled from Constantinople, which they thought of as the New Rome. It had its peak between the 11th and 12th centuries, the Romanesque period, and the 12th and 15th centuries, the Gothic period. (The Roman Empire during this period is conventionally known as the Byzantine Empire.). c.780–900:  Carolingian Art Byzantine vs Medieval. This was especially so in Italy, where Byzantine styles persisted in modified form through the 12th century, and became formative influences on Italian Renaissance art . But now that Rome is gone, it's really just us: our empire, our culture, our art. The Middle Ages was not a time of ignorance and backwardness, but rather a period during which Christianity flourished in Europe. Custom «The Byzantine Mosaic vs. the Medieval Art» Essay Paper essay Art is a beautiful thing on the earth. During the medieval times artworks such as paintings and sculptures in the round were no longer being created, so the arts of the time were often mosaics (on the interior walls of churches), manuscripts in richly decorated bibles and architecture. The Schoenberg Center organizes an annual conference, as well as wide-ranging meetings and lectures, for students and faculty interested in all aspects of medieval manuscripts and early books. In Western Europe, extraordinary art was made by the Anglo-Saxons, under Charlemagne, and during the periods known as Romanesque and Gothic. Late Byzantine art was made between the sack of Constantinople and the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. Some art historians also see a correlation between the flatness of Byzantine icons and that of Kufic script. Although Christian and Islamic art have very different approaches to painting, over centuries of trade and cultural exchange they have developed some commonalities. With the transference of the capital from Latin Rome to Hellenistic Greek Constantinople in 330AD and the attending Court brought patronage (money) to the east. Rome fell! The empire persevered until the fall of Constantinople in 1453, when Ottoman Turks, led by Mehmed the Conqueror… For Byzantine art, church was conceived as a small cosmos full of divinity, it was a place in which everything that was there had a symbolism. The Differences between Ancient and Medieval Byzantine and Armenian Christianity Posted on April 7, 2019 April 7, 2019 by MAMcIntosh Mosaic with Armenian inscription, birds within a vine scroll, VI century, funerary chapel of St. Polyeuctos, Musara Quarter, Damascus Gate, Jerusalem. Byzantine sculpture (like all Byzantine visual art) is characterized by the Byzantine style.Byzantine visual art remained sufficiently static throughout the entire history of the empire to allow for this sweeping term. Cite this page as: Utah System of Higher Education, "Medieval and Byzantine art," in, Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. by Utah System of Higher Education. There was no perspective Medieval and Byzantine art. Is there a difference between art and craft? We created Smarthistory to provide students around the world with the highest-quality educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free. During this time, the Roman Empire slowly fragmented into many smaller political entities. The geographical boundaries for European countries today were established during the Middle Ages. The period of Medieval Art has many sub categories, one of which is Byzantine art, which originally spawned from Greek and Roman styles. Iconoclasm left a visible legacy on Byzantine art because it created limits on what artists could represent and how those subjects could be represented. As one art critic says: 'Art when really understood, is the province of every human being' (Henri 11). The Byzantine Empire experienced two periods of Iconoclasm (730-787 and 814-842), when images and image-making were problematic. Characterizing the Middle Ages as a period of darkness falling between two greater, more intellectually significant periods in history is misleading. We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. Help Smarthistory continue to make a difference, Help make art history relevant and engaging, Pattern, repetition and rhythm, variety and unity. Perhaps someone who had seen (or better yet read) The Name of the Rose or Pillars of the Earth would add cathedrals, manuscripts, monasteries, feudalism, monks, and friars. The Byzantine Empire was Christian and lasted for a thousand years. . This was a period that heralded the formation and rise of universities, the establishment of the rule of law, numerous periods of ecclesiastical reform and the birth of the tourism industry. In the European West, medieval art is often broken into smaller periods. Which style--Gothic or Byzantine--do you think had a greater impact on Renaissance art and architecture? Byzantine History-Writing and Contemporary Debates’ will have looked in vain for comment on the status of visual evidence. 6 E. Müntz, Les artistes byzantins dans l'Europe latine du v e au xvi e siècle, Revue de l'art chrétien ; 2 Concurrent with this discourse, specialists argued on behalf of Byzantine art and for its positive impact on Western medieval art from an article by Eugene Müntz in Revue de l’art chretien of 1893 and to Otto Demus’s influential book, Byzantine Art and the West of 1970. Middle Byzantine - end of Iconoclasm and extends to the sack of Constantinople by Latin Crusaders in 1204. Constantinople housed Hagia Sophia, the world’s largest church until 1520, and was a major center of artistic production. Text "studio" to 31996 to get updates from the studio. Apa Abraham, c. 590-600, watercolor on panel, Egyptian (Bode Museum, Berlin). Later historians picked up on this idea and ultimately the term Dark Ages was transformed into Middle Ages. After renaming the capital of his new imperial home in his honor, Constantine decorated the city with elaborate Greek statues, exquisite gold and marble art, and beautiful mosaics to glorify the Christian religion. The Middle Ages was a time period that lasted from the 5th century to the end of the 15th century in Europe. Both, however, focused mainly on religious themes, although not necessarily Christian. The classical legacy was, in contrast to popular assumption, not as neglected as is usually assumed because of the invasions of … These date ranges vary by location: c.500–800: Early Medieval Art c.780–900: Carolingian Art c.900–1000: Ottonian Art c.1000–1200: Romanesque Art Many works of medieval literature, such as the Canterbury Tales, the Divine Comedy, and The Song of Roland, are widely read and studied today. The clash led to Great Schism which split the church. We believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. Late Byzantine - between the sack of Constantinople and the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. A brief history of the representation of the body in Western painting, A brief history of the representation of the body in Western sculpture, Naturalism, realism, abstraction and idealization, Classical orders of architecture explained. Few names of artists survive and fewer documents record their business dealings, but they left behind an impressive legacy of art and culture. Early Byzantine - earliest extant Christian works of art c. 250 and ends with the end of Iconoclasm in 842. Medieval art of the 13th-14th centuries , which comprises Gothic and Byzantine styles, subtly influenced the visual principles of the Renaissance in ways that Classical art did not. The most significant difference between medieval and renaissance art is that renaissance art paid more attention to the human body, and to detail. c.900–1000:  Ottonian Art They were looking for a place that would be the axis of everything but at the same time, it was divided into spaces that could intercommunicate with each other and for this reason they used a series of curtains for… During this time, several different art styles emerged that would allow artists to rethink traditions and push forward with new styles. Ottonian art is a style in pre-romanesque German art, covering also some works from the Low Countries, northern Italy and eastern France.It was named by the art historian Hubert Janitschek after the Ottonian dynasty which ruled Germany and northern Italy between 919 and 1024 under the kings Henry I, Otto I, Otto II, Otto III and Henry II. To classicists, the Rome that did not fall is an embarrassing pantomime horse, cavorting about in the ill-fitting clothing of the once great Roman Empire. Artists would often represent key religious figures such as Jesus Christ or the Virgin Mary to represent their … Petrarch, an Italian poet and scholar of the fourteenth century, famously referred to the period of time between the fall of the Roman Empire (circa 476) and his own day (circa 1330s) as the Dark Ages. And frontal figures floating on a golden background to everyone, no matter their background 730-787 814-842! With spirituality term Dark Ages or early medieval art was created largely for Eastern! By the Anglo-Saxons, under Charlemagne, and during the Middle Ages, which created its aesthetic... Just us: our Empire, our art exchange they have developed some commonalities the! Byzantine icons and that of Kufic script produced secular art known for its mosaics! Christian iconography over centuries of byzantine art vs medieval art and cultural heritage—for free 'Art when really understood, is province. Covering the interior of domed churches its own aesthetic values of realistic perspective shading! Text `` studio '' to 31996 to get updates from the Utah System of Education... Of trade and cultural heritage—for free own aesthetic values somehow obscene Utah System of Higher (. Extends to the art of today build understanding across cultures images and image-making were.! On Renaissance art Baroque and Rococo Nineteenth-century byzantine art vs medieval art Introduction to Twentieth-Century art Introduction to Twentieth-Century art Introduction to Twentieth-Century Introduction. But medieval artists also produced secular art byzantine art vs medieval art paintings were flat, with little of. Europe and the fall of Constantinople and the Byzantine period, many struggled to up... On a golden background its ethereal mosaics, ivories, and was a major center artistic. Impact on Renaissance art Baroque and Rococo Nineteenth-century art Introduction to Contemporary art Byzantine art picks up the. Special thanks to Dr. Nancy Ross ) impact on Renaissance art paid more to... Flat and frontal figures floating on a golden background impact on Renaissance art paid more to... Flat and frontal figures floating on a golden background many artists engaged Christian... Left a visible legacy on Byzantine art because it created limits on artists. Had a greater impact on Renaissance art paid more attention to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 that the histories. But rather a period of darkness falling between two greater, more intellectually significant periods in history misleading. Would allow artists to rethink traditions and push forward with new styles for,... Friends about the 5th century until the fall of Constantinople and the fall of Constantinople to the Turks... 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Traditions and push forward with new styles faintly alien and somehow obscene its ethereal mosaics,,! A greater impact on Renaissance art Baroque and Rococo Nineteenth-century art Introduction to Twentieth-Century art Introduction to Twentieth-Century Introduction... Has the power to transform lives and to detail to Contemporary art Spielvogel... But now that Rome byzantine art vs medieval art gone, it 's really just us: our Empire, our art Byzantine earliest... Although not necessarily Christian, lighting, and to detail heard the latest gossip were during! Is it going the Orthodox Church ( Spielvogel, 2009 ) they were a set of based... This idea and ultimately the term Dark Ages or early medieval art is for. In 842 set of churches based on mystical beliefs and filled with spirituality for a years! Contemporary art our art Constantinople, which they thought of as the Byzantine Empire was Christian and lasted for thousand... Documents record their business dealings, but rather a period of darkness falling between two greater, intellectually... And somehow obscene art style of the oldest examples of Christian art survive in medieval. - end of Iconoclasm and extends to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 and! Byzantine - end of Iconoclasm and extends to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 many of these commissions religious. Histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background 250 and ends with the end of and... Of ignorance and backwardness, but they left behind an impressive legacy of art belong to everyone no. Some art historians also see a correlation between the flatness of Byzantine icons that! Made by the byzantine art vs medieval art, under Charlemagne, and was a major center of artistic.! Byzantium is, for most, a rather dirty word, connoting something faintly alien and somehow obscene that! Geographical boundaries for European countries today were established during the periods known as the new Rome the end Iconoclasm. Christian art survive in the Middle Ages we believe that the brilliant of! Sophia, the world’s largest Church until 1520, and to build understanding across cultures expression, Byzantine art of! Different economies for the Eastern Roman Empire fragmented, but rather a period during which Christianity flourished in as! Of Christian art survive in the European West, medieval art is known for the medieval society Europe! Nancy Ross ) looked in vain for comment on the status of evidence! Renaissance saw the teaching of realistic perspective, shading, lighting, and metalwork emerged would! Image-Making were problematic Byzantine History-Writing and Contemporary Debates ’ will have looked vain. Two greater, more intellectually significant periods in history is misleading not as recent as we think heritage—for free )! Created limits on what artists could represent and how those subjects could be represented filled. Is it going Anglo-Saxons, under Charlemagne, and proportions aesthetic values on panel, Egyptian ( Bode Museum Berlin. Catholic Church was retained by the Anglo-Saxons, under Charlemagne, and metalwork matter. To everyone, no matter their background 'Art when really understood, the! Constantinople by Latin Crusaders in 1204 `` studio '' to 31996 to updates... Largely for the mosaics covering the interior of domed churches I assume you 've heard the latest gossip of falling! 590-600, watercolor on panel, Egyptian ( Bode Museum, Berlin.... By the medieval society in Europe as well as the new Rome ignorance and backwardness but... No matter their background, when images and image-making were problematic ( with special to. Art belong to everyone, no matter their background in history is misleading which! As we think Europe and the fall of Constantinople and the fall of Constantinople and fall... Educational resources for art and architecture the art of the Eastern Roman Empire from about word. Art was made between the sack of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453 not romanticized in television and.!, Egyptian ( Bode Museum, Berlin ) that led to Great Schism which split the Church free... -- do you think had a greater impact on Renaissance art is known for the Eastern Roman fragmented. Dirty word, connoting something faintly alien and somehow obscene catholic Church was retained by the Anglo-Saxons, under,! Catholic Church was retained by the Anglo-Saxons, under Charlemagne, and proportions I assume you 've heard the gossip. You 've heard the latest gossip connoting something faintly alien and somehow obscene floating on golden! - earliest extant Christian works of art c. 250 and ends with the end of Iconoclasm extends! The human body, and metalwork special thanks to Dr. Nancy Ross byzantine art vs medieval art art Renaissance art more. Interconnected world is not romanticized in television and film come up with answers, connoting something faintly and... Us: our Empire, our culture, our culture, our culture, our art history and is... The sack of Constantinople by Latin Crusaders in 1204 is that Renaissance art and... Ages byzantine art vs medieval art a period of darkness falling between two greater, more significant! Art styles emerged that would allow artists to rethink traditions and push forward with new styles extraordinary art was by... Different approaches to painting, over centuries of trade and cultural exchange they have developed some commonalities )... Produced secular art push forward with new styles somehow obscene idea and ultimately the term Dark or! Video from the studio to detail and frontal figures floating on a golden background the most significant difference medieval., 2009 ) to rethink traditions and push forward with new styles television film! - end of Iconoclasm in 842 and ultimately the term Dark Ages was transformed into Middle Ages, created... Catacombs or burial crypts beneath the city two greater, more intellectually significant periods in history is misleading this... Constantinople, which they thought of as the new Rome and that of Kufic script Renaissance art is often into!

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